Infertility is a term which is mostly associated with females. However, men can have infertility issues too. There are several factors that have led to the rise in male infertility rates. However, due to embarrassment and the taboo associated with it, men do not speak up about their infertility issues and avoid getting treated. Well-known experts of a fertility clinic in Kolkata discuss various male infertility treatments.

Causes of male infertility

According to medical reports, there has been a steep rise in male infertility rates. The most common problems that can give rise to male infertility are hormonal imbalances or blockage in the sperm duct.

Low sperm count is also a major cause of male infertility. Having a low sperm count or abnormality in the shape of the sperm or their ability to move can make it more difficult to conceive.

An expert of the best infertility solution clinic in Kolkata also states some factors that can affect sperm count in men.

  • Varicocele ( bulging of the veins in the scrotum)
  • Genetic diseases
  • Unhealthy lifestyle factors
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Genital infection

If you or your partner has been diagnosed with any of the fertility issues, there are several treatment options available.

What are some treatment options for male infertility? 

A top gynaecologist of the best infertility evaluation treatment centre states some of the definite treatment options for male infertility.

  • Gonadotrophin medicine

If you are diagnosed with low levels of gonadotrophin hormones (responsible for the production of sperm), you will be prescribed gonadotrophin medicine. These medicines aim to increase the gonadotrophin hormone and improve your fertility.

  • In vitro fertilisation (IVF) 

If you have been trying to conceive for more than a year, couples may opt for IVF treatment.

During IVF treatment, the matured eggs from the ovaries are taken and fertilized with the sperm in a dish in the laboratory. The fertilized egg is then transferred to the mother’s womb.

If you have an extremely low sperm count or your sperm are of sub-optimal quality, donor sperm can also be used in IVF treatment.

  • Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)

ICSI is similar to IVF treatment. During this procedure, a single sperm is injected into the egg to fertilize it. The fertilized egg is transferred back into the mother’s womb to develop.

ICSI is recommended to couples in case of extremely poor sperm quality and quantity.

  • Donor insemination 

Donor insemination is an infertility treatment where the eggs are fertilized using donor sperm. This technique can also be be carried out as a part of the IVF and ICSI cycle.

Other male treatment options using own sperm 

Some couples prefer fertility treatments using their own sperm rather than using donor sperm. In that case, IVF or ICSI with TESE or TESA can be an option, said an expert of the fertility clinic in Kolkata.

TESE stands for testicular sperm extraction, whereas TESA stands for testicular sperm aspiration. TESE involves biopsy of the testicles. During the TESA procedure, the sperm cells are taken from the testicle.

Sperm collected from both procedures are kept in the lab until they are ready to fertilize the egg via IVF-ICSI.


There is nothing to be ashamed of if you have infertility problems. There are many advanced treatment options for men to enjoy fatherhood.


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